Bucheon's most representative literary festival is the Suju Literary Festival celebrating the work of Suju Byun Yeongro (Suju was the poet's pen name.). During the festival, the Suju Literary Awards are presented by the Bucheon Branch of the Writers Association of Korea to the best poems selected from across the country. On average, more than 400 works are submitted each year and 68 poets have been recognized so far. Diverse side events include the Suju Youth Essay Contest, the Suju Literature Symposium, and the Night of Suju Byun Yeongro, which features a poetry recitation and presentation of critiques.
Bucheon also hosts the Pearl Buck Festival, a celebration of Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973), a world-famous novelist and Nobel laureate. Immediately after the Korean War broke out, Pearl Buck established an orphanage in Bucheon to take care of war orphans and children born between U.S. soldiers and Korean women. The festival was inaugurated in 2006 along with the opening of a memorial hall commemorating her service to the city. An important part of the festival is the Pearl Buck Literary Award and Pearl Buck Community Service Award, which honor the author's contribution to literature and her spirit of volunteerism. The latter awards are presented by the Minister of Gender Equality and Family. In memory of Pearl Buck's service to society, Bucheon strives to protect and promote cultural diversity in view of the social changes taking place in the city.
Since 2000, Bucheon has held the annual Library Culture Hanmadang Festival with the aim of promoting library use and reading in the local community. The festival features various literary programs and reading programs for residents with awards for avid individual readers and families, as well as a book review contest. In 2017, the festival will be expanded to a nationwide event under the new name Bucheon Book Festival.